MSMEs (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises) are critical to an economy’s growth. MSMEs constantly offer a solution to major economic factors such as unemployment, poverty, income inequality, inequities, and so on. It’s crucial function maintains local economic development balance and income equality. This industry plays an important role in employing millions of residents and attracting local talent, both of which contribute significantly to the country’s GDP.
Business loans for small businesses:
The MSME sector is well-known for being India’s greatest employment producer, accounting for almost 30 percent of the country’s overall GDP. Considering the sector’s significance and the benefits it brings to India’s growth, the government of India provides a variety of financing packages to help the MSME sector.
Government business loans provide the correct type of financial support to MSMEs in order to support existing company operations and promote development. Furthermore, the Indian government’s start-up company loan gives simple access to financing for converting bankable business concepts into lucrative companies.
1) PSB loans in 59 minutes:
The Government of India announced this initiative, known as PSB Loan in 59 Minutes, in which it provided a rapid business loan facility for those who need to develop their existing firm.
Under this initiative, MSMEs can obtain loans ranging from INR 1 lakh to INR 5 crores from banking institutions and NBFCs in less than 59 minutes at an interest rate of 8.50 percent (Non-Banking financial companies). MSME/PSB Loans in 59 Minutes supplies you with the necessary financial resources in a timely and efficient manner.
Factors that determine eligibility for the loan:
- Borrower’s repayment potential
- Existing credit lines
- Other variables were established by the financial lender.
Benefits of the loan:
- The entire lending procedure is expected to be extremely fast, with minimum documentation.
- Until the final step of loan sanction, no human interaction is required. This is why it is referred to as an Advanced Technology Backed Loans program.
- The loan procedure always necessitates a high level of confidentiality and protection of the applicant’s personal information. As a result of this issue, the applicant’s full data is kept safe and secure with the greatest level of protection.
2) Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY)
Under the Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana, MUDRA offers refinancing assistance to banks and NBFCs for funding to micro-units with credit demands of up to INR 10 lakhs. MUDRA classified loans under PMMY into three categories: ‘Shishu,’ ‘Kishore,’ and ‘Tarun,’ indicating the level of growth/development.
- Shishu: Loans up to Rs. 50,000 are covered at a rate of 1% to 12% per annum.
- Kishore: Covering loans exceeding Rs. 50,000 and up to Rs. 5 lakh at 8.60 percent to 11.15 percent per annum.
- Tarun: Loans above Rs. 5 lakh and up to Rs. 10 lakh are covered at the rate of 11.15 percent to 20% each year.
Currently, the goal of a Mudra Loan is not to build tiny units, but rather to serve as a;
- Vendors, dealers, shopkeepers, and other service providers can apply for a business loan.
- A working capital loan via Mudra card; a loan for tractors, two-wheelers, or other modes of transportation (only for commercial use)
- Micro-unit equipment financing.
It issues a MUDRA Card in exchange for the Mudra loan amount. Borrowers can utilise it for numerous withdrawal and credit facilities, allowing them to efficiently manage their working capital limit while keeping their interest costs to a minimum. Mudra cards also aid in the digitization of all Mudra transactions and the preservation of the borrower’s credit history.
3) Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGFMSE)
CGFMSE is a Government of India (‘GOI’) business lending initiative that provides collateral-free loans to the MSME sector. It comprises both current and new businesses. To execute the CGFMSE plan, the Ministry of MSMEs and the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) formed the Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE). MSMEs are eligible for a loan of up to INR 200 lakhs under this funding initiative, with a priority given to qualifying women.
The Guarantee Cover is offered up to a maximum of 85 percent of the credit facility’s authorized amount. The trust funds impose a fee of 1% each year on the amount sanctioned:
- 75 percent for credit up to Rs 5 lakh
- 85 percent for credit greater than Rs 5 lakh but less than Rs 100 lakh
4) National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC)
NSIC is an ISO certified Indian Government MSMEs company. It works to facilitate and encourage the growth of MSMEs across the country by offering integrated support services including financing, marketing, technology, and other connected services. NSIC offers a variety of initiatives to help MSMEs grow:
Marketing assistance is critical for the success of any firm, but it is especially important for the growth of MSMEs in today’s highly competitive market. NSIC created programs like Consortia and Tender Marketing to assist such businesses. NSIC organises MSMEs Consortia to work on their behalf to decrease their burden, Marketing Intelligence (NSIC establishes marketing intelligence cells to promote knowledge about various MSMEs initiatives), and Exhibitions and Technology Fairs.
Under this scheme, NSIC offers raw material acquisition financing, advertising finance, and financial services to MSMEs through collaboration with banks.
Credit Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme (CLCSS)
CLCSS is a unique credit plan developed by the Ministry of MSMEs with the primary goal of assisting MSMEs in upgrading their technology, particularly in rural and semi-urban regions. Businesses can choose to get a 15% subsidy on approved machinery investment under this program. However, there is an upper restriction on the subsidy of INR 1 crore.
The CLCSS provides several advantages to small-scale enterprises, including:
- It provides a 15% subsidy for the purchase of eligible plant, hardware, and industrial equipment, lowering the total burden of small enterprises;
- assists small scale industries in upgrading to the updated and required technologies;
- promotes the growth of rural industries